Chalatenango is a department of El Salvador, located in the northwest of the country. The capital is the city of Chalatenango. The Chalatenango Department encompasses 2,017 km² and contains more than 220,000 inhabitants.
Las Matras Archaeological Ruins contains the relics of prehistoric populations and caves in which rock writing is found. Chalatenango was made a department on February 14, 1855. The "5th of November" Hydroelectric Dam is found in Chalatenango Department, near the border with Cabañas.The highest point in the country, El Pital with an elevation of 2730.06 m, also is located in Chalatenango Department.
Chalatenango (known as "Chalate" by locals) is a town and municipality in the Chalatenango department of El Salvador. It is the capital of the department.
As of 2007 the municipality covers an area of 131.5 km2 and has a population of 29,271. It is divided administratively into 6 cantons and 36 caserios.